Installing Joomla at ubuntu.

Install the LAMP stack

Use any method to install the Apache2, Mysql and Php stack. You will need the following packages:

apache2 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server

Set a mysql-root password (not the same as a root password, but a password for mysql)

mysql -u root

mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourpassword');mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'yourhostname' = PASSWORD('yourpassword');

Where you should change ‘yourhostname’ in last line. Each successful mysql command will show:

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Quit the mysql prompt:

mysql> \q

You should now have a functional LAMP stack and a password for the mysql root user.

Visit Apache PHP MySQL for more information on LAMP.

Get the most recent version of Joomla!

Download it from [WWW] here. Unpack it and then copy it to your webserver directory.

# Change for new versionSOURCEPKG=Joomla_1.0.12-Stable-Full_Package.tar.bz2SOURCEWWW=http://joomlacode.org/gf/download/frsrelease/111/264/Joomla_1.0.12-Stable-Full_Package.tar.bz2

# Get itmkdir joomlacd joomlawget $SOURCEWWW

# Unpack ittar xvjf $SOURCEPKG

# Cleanuprm -f $SOURCEPKG

# Movecd ..sudo mv joomla /var/www/

Handle ownership (choose one option):

# 1. Allow writting in whole joomla subtreesudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/joomla

# 2. Allow writting only in places Joomla! needs to write to (more secure)sudo chown -R root:root /var/www/joomlacd /var/www/joomlaPLACES='administrator/backupsadministrator/componentsadministrator/modulesadministrator/templatescachecomponentsimagesimages/bannersimages/storieslanguagemambotsmambots/contentmambots/editorsmambots/editors-xtdmambots/searchmediamodulestemplates'for i in $PLACES; do   sudo chown -R www-data:www-data $idone

Handle file and directory permissions:

cd /var/www/joomlasudo find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

Joomla needs a database, user and password

You need to create a database. You can do this with PhpMyAdmin or via the command line:

mysqladmin -u root -p create joomla

Where joomla is the name you picked for the mysql database that joomla will use. You can call it anything you want.

mysql -u root -p

mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES ON joomla.* TO 'yourusername'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword';

You do not want to have Joomla use the mysql root user to access the database. The above command creates a mysql user (other than the mysql root user) with some priviledges to use the joomla database. You will need to chose the yourusername and yourpassword. If the command was successful, activate the new permissions:

mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Quit the mysql prompt:

mysql> \q

Open history file for MySQL commands and delete the above SQL, since the password is in readable format!

gedit ~/.mysql_history

Reload Apache2

You may need to force-reload apache2 so that it knows to use the php module if you haven’t done so since you installed the LAMP stack.

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Finish installation

Point your browser to localhost/joomla, and follow the onscreen instructions.

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