Linux is one of the most popular platforms in cheap web hosting. It is a complete open source hosting package, designed to be efficient and cost effective. This makes it the prime choice for web creators and many clients worldwide. Promoting stability of the server and reliability of websites, Linux is also chosen by experts, because of its server strength and competence, relative to its competitors. But despite widespread use of Linux as a web server and in the web hosting industry, many are still somewhat in the dark as to what exactly makes up Linux web hosting. So let’s take an in-depth look at what Linux hosting really is.


The OS

A Linux server package is mostly included as part of a release package. These release packages, also known as distributions, are a group of software and applications. Examples of these are spreadsheets, media players, word processor, document readers, processors, and database programs. Linux distributes a regular set of the Linux Kernel, including a set of GNU tools, documentation software, and other applications. Popular distributions include CentOs, Fedora, Gentoo, Linux Mint, Oracle Enterprise, Ubuntu and Debian.

The Server

One of the most reliable open source servers on the web, Apache, is widely used with Linux. Apache security, deployed as a basic HTTP server, is used by over a hundred million websites worldwide. Being an open source solution, Apache can be modified and deployed in a dynamic fashion. Apache also being easy to use, can be accessed through straightforward, web downloads.

Databases

MySQL is another open source database management program, which is a popular part of the LAMP stack server. MySQL is a great way to enhance one’s server back-end capabilities, through the addition of structured data storage, querying, and data matching. Because MySQL is an open source solution, it can be added to even the cheapest Linux hosting solution, without an adverse cost impact. Popular forks of this RDBMS include Drizzle, Percona Server and mariaDB.

Server-Side Scripting

Besides MySQL and Apache, the Linux web server instance comprises of scripting languages, such as PHP, Perl, and Python. PHP is a scripting language, used for web design and other content and coding purposes. It is an adaptable code, which can easily be modified, to achieve an effect for a page or web design.

Perl, on the other hand, is a great language for building dynamic websites. Perl consists of readable scripting, composed of various variables and identifiers, making programming simpler. Also, Perl will generate error code messages, giving the programmer a traceable warning scheme whenever a mistake has occurred.

Python in comparison is an extensive programming language, with strict margins and formatting. However, this makes the coding easily readable to other programmers unlike PHP. Python is most commonly used in a team development environment.

All in all, these scripts are used by Apache servers and MySQL database management systems, in forming a LAMP hosting structure otherwise referred to as Linux web hosting.

For the aforementioned, I have 2 web hosting recommendations that could fulfill all of these requirements to be a good Linux based server:

1. SiteFrost Free Web Hosting

2. Crylix Web Hosting, with an affordable price, you can pay it without any credit cards / paypal :)

For the last words, I will just provide you with some quick videos about the installation and setup of a Linux web server & also how to install LAMP Web server in Ubuntu 10.04, it is quite informative.

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