Other Linux Distros
Other Linux Distros
hey guys, just a quick update since I’m currently quite a bit busy with my university life. But still I can promise to keep updating on this busy site.. So here are some news that perhaps are still hot to be read . Enjoy the updates.
A slightly harder—if not more interesting—program that simulates resource allocation on a computer system. HOST stands for Hypothetical Operating System Testbed, a multiprogramming system that manages resources in a four-level priority dispatcher. Taken straight off the Operating Systems Internal and Design Principles textbook by William Stallings, this is my second assignment in the COMP3520 Operating Systems Internals course taught at Sydney University.
Today, I’d like to take a look on a newcomer of Linux Distroes family, this distro called “Element”. Element is a free and yet powerful multimedia operating system. As you can see, the developer of this distro have managed to combine both Ubuntu as a powerful Linux distro with the other multimedia software elements. As I can see, the developers have managed to show the users that “Linux” is not as boring as they’ve seen before. Things inside Element OS looked really cozy and it makes users to feel more comfortable with it. I personally enjoyed watching videos with XBMC media center on my full HDMI LCD TV.
Another Linux distro has been released, this time emphasising speed and low space. I reckon it’ll be perfect for netbooks. Lots of improvements needed, but the potential is there. See Slitaz Linux.
I refer to my previous post about Karmic’s kernel not detecting webcam by default. To enable this feature, you’ll have to make changes to the kernel configuration before actually installing. However, don’t worry if you have already compiled the kernel; it’s still possible to re-configure and re-compile the kernel with the new settings you’re about to see.
Follow the steps in my previous post. But when you get to the configuration step, i.e.
you’ll need to go Device drivers > Multimedia support > Video capture adapters > V4L USB devices and enable support for the corresponding webcam. Since I owned a Logitech Quickcam, the support that I had to enable was the GSPCA options (all SPCAXXX USB Camera Drivers). However, I read somewhere that SPCA561 support is sufficient. The following is the output of `lsusb | grep -i quickcam` on my machine.
Bus 001 Device 005: ID 046d:09c1 Logitech, Inc. QuickCam Deluxe for Notebooks
Screenshot of the config option after enabling webcam support.
Then, just do the rest of the kernel setup and you’ll end up with a kernel image with webcam support. Good luck!
Warning: Jaunty might no longer detect your webcam after the installation. That was what happened to me. If you’re a heavy webcam user and can’t give up video chatting in Skype or Empathy, you can safely skip this post.
Here’s the latest hybrid I’ve done. If for one reason or another you’re still refusing to upgrade to Karmic, you might be interested in splicing in Karmic’s kernel (126.96.36.199) into Jaunty. I’ve tried it and worked flawlessly, but the performance boosts can rival that of Karmic.
Follow the steps below:
- Click this link and download the full version of Karmic’s kernel. It should be in .tar.bz2 extension. At the time of writing, the latest stable version is 188.8.131.52 and that was what I tried out in Jaunty. You’re free to try later ones if you wish.
- Place it somewhere in your directory and untar it with the following command:
tar xjvf linux-184.108.40.206.tar.bz2 -C /usr/src
This will unpack the file into your /usr/src folder as linux-220.127.116.11 folder.
- Depending on your machine, you might need to install additional libraries before you can proceed. In my case, I needed the GCC compiler and three additional development packages as follows:
sudo apt-get install gcc libgtk2.0-dev libglib2.0-dev libglade2-dev
- cd into linux-18.104.22.168 folder and the first command if you’re running GNOME, or the second one if KDE.
The above commands serve as configuration tools if you’re interested in adjusting kernel’ options (over 1,000!). Otherwise you can skip this step.
- Compile the kernel image. This is the fun part, as it may take hours, so make time!
- Compile the kernel modules. Hopefully this should only take seconds.
- Install the kernel modules as sudo.
sudo make modules_install
- Install the kernel itself.
- After the above step, you should be able to find three files in your /boot directory: System.map-22.214.171.124, config-126.96.36.199, vmlinuz-188.8.131.52
- You now need to create an initrd kernel image to boot Jaunty with. This can easily be done by issuing the following command in your /boot directory.
sudo mkinitramfs -o initrd.img-184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11
In case you’re wondering why the command is called
mkinitrd, the latter has been deprecated, so don’t use the old one.
- That should take care of the kernel installation. As a last step, you’ll need to modify your GRUB menu to point to the new kernel image.
sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst
- Add the following lines into the file.
title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 18.104.22.168
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-22.214.171.124 root=UUID=zzzzzzzzz ro quiet splash
Make you sure replace
zzzzzzzzzwith your uuid that you can find in the file.
- Once that’s done, reboot the system. Find the kernel image in the GRUB menu and boot into it. Enjoy!
These following lists of commands are probably will help you to manage your Linux Server or modifying your website on the Linux server. For more complete information on using UNIX commands, you can refer to the online manual by typing man [command] at the UNIX prompt, where “[command]” represents the command you would like more information about.