Other Distros

Other Linux Distros

Portable Linux


Isn’t it fun if we can use linux by just only boot our USB flash stick without installing those OS anymore? And you can access your favorite distros anytime and in any computer without install those distros anymore…

USB Linux installation enables you to install a portable Linux operating system on a flash drive or USB key no larger than your thumb. This portable Linux operating system can then be run from any computer that can boot from a flash device, allowing you to bring your operating system, desktop, applications, files, email, personal settings, favorites, games and more with you. It’s your own personal operating system you can carry in your pocket. On Pendrivelinux.com, we provide many simplified portable Linux flash drive installation tutorials. Making is easy for anyone to install, boot and run Linux portably from a Pen drive!

And without more speech :P , I just give you some links of tutorial to install Linux into USB Flash Drive. Try it and use it…

Note: Please perform the USB Boot Compatibility Test to ensure that your Computer is capable of booting from a Portable USB device.

This cool informa
tion I got is from pendrivelinux.com . Please take a visit to this website. It might help you with the installation. :D .



Ophcrack is a free Windows password cracker based on rainbow tables. It is a very efficient implementation of rainbow tables done by the inventors of the method. It comes with a Graphical User Interface and runs on multiple platforms. Unlike dictionary and brute-force atacks, rainbow attacks cannot be used to crack password hashes of unlimited length.
The ophcrack LiveCD contains a full linux system (SLAX), ophcrack for linux and rainbow tables for alphanumerical passwords.

The liveCD cracks passwords automatically, no installation necessary, no admin password necessary (as long as you can boot from CD). Release 1.1.4 cracks Windows Vista SAM.

The Ophcrack LiveCD is a SLAX-based bootable Linux CD-ROM containing ophcrack 2.3 and a set of tables (SSTIC04-10k).

It allows for testing the strength of passwords on a Windows machine without having to install anything on it. Just put it into the CD-ROM drive, reboot and it will try to find a Windows partition, extract its SAM and start auditing the passwords.


  • » Runs on Windows, Linux/Unix, Mac OS X, …
  • » Cracks LM and NTLM hashes.
  • » Free tables available for Windows XP and Vista.
  • » Brute-force module for simple passwords.
  • » LiveCD available to simplify the cracking.
  • » Loads hashes from encrypted SAM recovered from a Windows partition, Vista included.
  • » Free and open source software (GPL).

Website: 1).Link , 2). Link .

Download Links:
1. Live CD’s
2. All Platforms

Screenshots(click to enlarge):


Free Online Books For Linux User’s


I just surfing the internet for the free Books or PDF about Linux and I got interested with one site that posts so many books about Linux, for beginner to advance user.

The following books are available either for download or for reading online, free of charge.

Books about Linux

Open Source and Free Software

Related Books

Quoted from linux.org

50 of the best Linux courses you can take


Here is some 50 of the best Linux courses you can take. Please read.


If you know nothing about Linux, take some time to get familiarized with these courses.

  1. An Introduction to Linux: Visit this course to get an introductory look at Linux and find out why you might want to run Linux.
  2. Unix Tutorial for Beginners: To learn about Unix, take a look at this tutorial course.
  3. An Introduction to Linux Basics: Get started in Linux using this basic course.
  4. An Introductory Guide to Linux Basics: This course makes Linux easy for even beginner users.
  5. Getting Started with Linux: Visit this beginner level course to get an introductory understanding of Linux.


In these courses, you’ll learn all out great ways to get the most out of Linux.

  1. Free Software for Busy People: In this resource, you’ll learn about switching to Open Office and other free Internet tools.
  2. Connecting People with Online Resources: Learn how to spread open source projects online with this course.
  3. Audacity: Check out this course to get loads of information on using Audacity in Linux and beyond.
  4. User Applications: Visit this course to find out about the number of Linux applications available to users.
  5. Open Office: In this course, you’ll learn more about this open source office application.
  6. Ubuntu Desktop Guide: Learn how to use the Ubuntu distribution with this course.
  7. GnuCash Concept Guide: In this guide, you’ll find loads of help with using GnuCash, an open source personal finance application.
  8. Linux for Computer Scientists and Engineers: Check out this course to get an understanding of how Linux can be used for engineering and computer applications.
  9. FreeMind: In this course, you’ll get a good look at the FreeMind mind mapping tool for Linux.
  10. Getting the Most Out of Linux: Use this course to get an intermediate look at using Linux.
  11. Gentoo Linux Handbook: Check out this course to learn how to use Gentoo in a number of different ways.
  12. GIMP Course: Take this course to get a good understanding of how to use this Linux equivalent to Photoshop.
  13. Linux, Wide Open: This course offers an advanced look at Linux, covering security, web servers, system administration, and more.
  14. Office Applications: Find out which office applications work best with Linux in this course.


Are you a network administrator? These courses were designed specifically with you in mind.

  1. Linux Network Administration: In this course, you’ll cover all the details you need to know about for Linux network administration.
  2. How to Set Up a Mail Server on a GNU Linux System: Visit this guide to learn how to set up a mail server with a number of different users, domains, and security solutions.
  3. Linux System Administration Guide: Visit this course to get the lowdown on Linux system administration.
  4. Administracion basica de un sistema UNIX-Linux: This Spanish-language course offers a look at Unix/Linux administration.
  5. Administracio advanca del sistema operatiu GNU/Linux: Get a more advanced look at Linux administration with this Spanish course.
  6. Network and Computer Security: This course will teach you how to make your computers and networks secure, with the option to take on a Linux project.


Just because Linux is free doesn’t mean it doesn’t have an impact on business and commerce. Find out how Linux makes a difference in these courses.

  1. Culture, Value, and Communication: This course takes a look at how university publishers are moving toward open source, as well as how others are building enterprises on the free intellectual economy.
  2. The Software Business: In this course, you’ll take a look inside the software business, including free software and Linux.
  3. Media, Education, and the Marketplace: In this course, you’ll take a look at how open source projects like MIT’s OpenCourseWare have an effect on the marketplace.
  4. The Marketing of Free Software by the End User: This course considers how users market free software.
  5. Managing Innovation: Emerging Trends: This course devotes a lecture to a discussion of the open software phenomenon.


Novell, a company that provides open source software solutions, has a number of training courses for the software they support, and we’ve highlighted them here.

  1. Upgrading to Certified Linux Professional 10: Check out this course to find out the differences between SUSE Linux Enteprise Server versions 9 and 10.
  2. Bridging NetWare Skills to Novell Open Enterprise Server for Linux: In t
    his course, you’ll find out how you can make use of your NetWare skills in the Novell Open Enterprise Server.
  3. Getting Started with the Novell Linux Desktop: This course offers an introduction to the Novell Linux Desktop.
  4. Getting Started with Linux: Novell’s Guide to CompTIA’s Linux+: Here you’ll learn how to perform administrative tasks in SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9.
  5. Get Ready for Open Source: SUSE Linux Enteprise Desktop (Book 1): This low-level course will provide you with the fundamentals you need to use the SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop.
  6. Get Ready for Open Source: SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (Book 2): Here you’ll get a continued look at what you need to know to work on the SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop.
  7. Upgrading to Certified Linux Engineer 10: If you need to learn how to upgrade from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 to version 10, be sure to take this course.
  8. Migrating from RedHat to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server: Check out this course if you’re making the switch from RedHat to SUSE Linux.
  9. Make the Switch: Novell’s Guide to the Novell Linux Desktop: Here you’ll learn how to switch to the Novell Linux Desktop.
  10. Migrating to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9: Check out this course to make the switch from other Linux distributions to SUSE.


Get an understanding of legal, cultural, and ethical issues surrounding Linux using these courses.

  1. Ethics and the Law on the Electronic Frontier: Visit this course for a look at the legal implications of open source software.
  2. Software Libre: Check out this course for an understanding of the free software movement.
  3. Introduction to Open Education: In this course, you’ll learn about concepts like copyright and licensing as it relates to the open education movement.
  4. Introduction to Copyright Law: This copyright law course includes a look at the GNU General Public License as well as free software.
  5. Internet Technology in Local and Global Communities: See how MIT students brought open education and software to students in three African nations.
  6. The Impact of Open Source Software on Education: Find out what leading authors have to say about open source educational software.
  7. A Fair(y) Use Tale: To learn about the concept of copyright and fair use, take a look at this course video.
  8. Communicating in Cyberspace: Part of this course’s curriculum includes a look at open source web development, including Linux.


Check out these courses to build on your understanding of Linux development.

  1. The Pocket Linux Guide: If you’d like to learn more about building a GNU/Linux system from source code, take a look at this course.
  2. Software Engineering for Web Applications: If you’re going to take your Linux development online, be sure to visit this course.
  3. How to be a Programmer: This course discusses programming in Linux and beyond.
  4. Sound Encounter of the Computer Kind: This course will teach you how to program a computer that’s running GNU/Linux to produce sounds.
  5. Operating System Engineering: In this course, you’ll learn how to develop your own operating system.
  6. Package Management: Here you’ll learn about packages and application packing for Linux.

This article was quoted from collegeathome.com .



Today, I found some information about a linux that just like a windows named Winutuxu (windows, ubuntu, linux). It’s actually a windows xp sp 2 but repacked or mocked up into just like Linux. There’s some application added by this OS just like OpenOffice, GIMP, Blender, Thunderbird. There’s no needed to put any serial number into those windows. Even those OS can access to microsoft update to update those OS. From those OS, I can see that the maker of this OS is from Arab, there’s some language mistranslated from arabic to english. For the website: Link .
Screen shots:

Well, if you can see, the installation is just like windows xp installation but the graphically it just like ubuntu installation. It seems this operating system probably is illegal, so I don’t want to try this OS. If you’re really curios with this OS you can download at:








I warn you that this is probably *illegal* software, and for that reason, I’m not going to try it out.
I’m ***NOT RECOMMEND*** to download this OS.

Hacking Linux


Linux, the darling competitor to Microsoft – The latest flavor of UNIX is taking off in corporate networks. A common misconception is that the majority of security vulnerabilities are in the windows operating system(OS). However, Linux — and even it’s sister variant of UNIX are certainly prone of the same types security vulnerabilities as we’re starting to see more and more.

Hackers are attacking Linux in droves because of it’s popularity and growing usage in today’s network environment. Because some of Linux are free — in the sense that you don’t have to pay for base OS , many organizations installing Linux for they web servers, e-mail servers, and any kind of servers in hope to saving money. Linux has grown in popularity for other reasons as well, including the following:
- Abundant resources available, including books, websites, and consultant expertise.
- The perception that Linux is more secure that windows
- Unlikeness that Linux will get hit with as much malware as windows and it’s applications do. This is an area in which Linux excels when it comes to security, but it probably won’t stay any way.
- Uncreased buy-in from other UNIX vendors, including IBM and Sun Microsystems, Even Novell is stopping development on the mighty NetWare OS, instead opting for a Linux-based kernel.
- Growing ease to use.

Now, we go to the main articles that I will give you some information to hack Linux. Many other attacks are possible against a Linux-based system. Linux can be tested remotely without being authenticated to the system.After you login to Linux with a valid username and password, you can collect a lot of information by running security tests to see how your system might stand up to a malicious internal user in a hacker with a valid login.

I will demonstrate the vulnerabilities by using and Red Hat Linux. I use Red Hat Linux because of it’s arguably some of the popular Linux distros.

Now, about Linux vulnerabilities, when Linux system is hacked, the victim organizations can experience the same side effects as their windows using counterparts, including:
- Leakage of confidential intellectual property and customer information
- Cracked passwords
- Corrupted or deleted databases
- Systems taken completely offline.

Now I will give you some tools, you can choose the tools, so you can use many UNIX-based security tools to test your Linux systems. Some are much better than others. I often find that my windows-based commercial tools do as good job as any. My favorites as follows:
- Windows-based superscan ( http://www.foundstone.com/resources/proddesc/superscan.htm ) for ping sweeps and TCP port scanning.
- Nmap (www.insecure.org/nmap) for OS fingerprinting and more detailed port scanning
- Windows-based LANguard network security scanner (www.gfi.com/lannetscan) for port scanning, OS enumeration, and vulnerability testing
- Amap (http://packages.debian.org/unstable/net/amap) for application version mapping
- Tiger (ftp://fto.debian.org/debain/pool/mail/tiger)for automaticlly assessing local system security settings
- VLAD the scanner(www.bindview.com/services/RAZOR/Utilities/Unix-Linux/vld.cfm) to test for the SANS Topt 10 Security vulnerability testing.
- Backtrack. (www.remote-exploit.org/index.php/BackTrack) this is a distros that bootable toolset for practically every tool you can imagine — all without having to load Linux on your local system.
- For windows password hacking, there is a live cd distros named “ophcrack” it can find and show your windows password easily using a rainbow table.

Thousands of other Linux hacking and testing toools are available. And the key is to find a set of tools — preferably few as possible– that can do the job that you need to do and that you feel comfortable working with.

for file permission hacks, by default rouge programs that run with root privileges can be easily hidden. An external attacker or rouge insider may do this to hide hacking foles, such as rootkits, on the system. This can be done with SetUID and SetGID coding in their hacking programs.

About SetUID and SetGID:
In linux, there is a special file types allow programs to run with the owner’s rights:
- SetUID (for user IDs)
- SetGID (for group IDs)

SetUID and SetGID are required when a user runs a program that need a full access to the system to perform task (root / superuser). For example, when a user invokes the passwd program to change his or her password, the program is actually loaded and without root or any other user’s privileges. This is done so that the user can run the program and the program can update the password database without root’s having to get involved in the process manually.

So, there are some information, tips, and tricks to hacking Linux, if I continue to type this blog, seems I’m gonna fill this blogs with a thousand of words (lol). But, seems this is the important things that you must learn from Linux hacking. And that’s all about hacking Linux, try it at your linux, and I advice you to try it at your Virtual PC or VMware, Virtual Box is OK. But if you are some expert person Linux, you can tried it at the native OS.

Media Center For Linux


Windows Vista and XP has a media center that can bring some PC into an ultimate home media. But if we look to linux, is linux have any media center to entertain people? Sure it is! I found so many media center to entertain linux user when I’m looked at google search. But one thing for sure, seems linux media center is needs more improvements and under a really hard development. But, I found some really cool media center that improved a lot! It named Linux MCE. It’s really cool! With a dozen of features. I thought this media center distros can be a competitors of vista/xp media center. There are 3 UI options. UI1 is the most basic, and runs on all video cards, and I will give you some screenshots, these screenshot are using blend and transparency. Now Take a look of this Screenshots:

If you see the screenshots, you can see that you can make some calls from linux media center, watching a DVD or CD, and even you can control your house! You can armed your house, make it more secure with some security software from those LinuxMCE. Now look at LinuxMCE features from the newest LinuxMCE version:

Version 0704

Media & Entertainment
• 3D alpha-blended GUI optimized for displaying on a TV and using a remote control
• Media browser presenting all content on all devices in the home on a 3D rotating cube
• Plug-and-play detection and aggregation of network storage and DMA’s
• Built-in NAS providing centralized backup and whole-house media server
• “Follow Me” Media, each family member’s media follows him/her through the house
• Automatically controls all existing av devices, like TV’s, Stereo’s, etc.)
• Many control options: mobile phone, webpad, pda, phone

Smart Home
• Home Automation: Control lighting, climate, security, camera surveillance, and more
• Communication: Phone system with auto-attendant, voice mail, call forwarding/routing for VOIP and POTS lines
• Security: Uses your existing home alarm, surveillance cameras, lights, phones and tv’s to notify you on your mobile phone of any security alerts with the option of reseting the alarm or broadcasting your voice in the house over the tv’s

Well, that’s news for today! Hope this article can help you to find a cool distros.

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